international.lab
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Segue o link do artigo:

SILVA, R.C., AMORIM, L.M.E. Urbanismo paramétrico: emergência, limites e perspectivas de nova corrente de desenho urbano fundamentada em sistemas de desenho paramétrico.In V!RUS. N. 3. São Carlos: Nomads.usp, 2010

>>JU :: Vamos! Vou convidar algumas pessoas que talvez possam contribuir a essa discussão, ok?
Fabinho, concordo com você que o uso de parâmetros não é novidade. Faz parte inclusive de qualquer estrutura racional a admissão de parâmetros. Quando de usa o termo “Urbanismo Paramétrico”, “Arquitetura Paramétrica”, “Parametricismo” não significa apenas arquitetura com o uso de parâmetros e sim uma inversão do seu papel. Usando a citação do texto, na Arquitetura paramétrica “são os parâmetros de um determinado objeto que são declarados e não a sua forma” )[KOLAREVIC, 2005, p.253]. Deixando claro que isso não significa uma desvalorização da forma, da mesma forma que os parâmetros nunca foram deixados de lado: isolação, vento, eficiência estrutura, custo, entre tantos outros, tiveram sempre um peso forte na concepção da forma. Então o que muda? O que muda não está claro, mas o que tem que mudar pra mim já está gritante.
Somos já uma sociedade diferente, iniciamos um processo intenso de revisão da estrutura horizontal, hierárquica. Não vou entrar na argumentação do porque dessa mudança, mesmo a melhor explicação que eu cheguei até hj foi: porque sim, porque a mudança faz parte da humanidade.
Definir essa mudança quando estamos em meio a ela é algo bem complicado, acho que por isso tanta divergência e polêmica no assunto. Fato é que estamos mudando e junto com essa mudança um conceito muito importante da sociedade industrial entra em cheque: o objeto, o produto. Hoje o material está perdendo cada vez mais sua importância. Gosto muito do conceito de “não-objeto” do Flusser. Fabricar “não-obejtos” significa aprender, isto é adquirir informações, produzi-las e divulgá-las. [FLUSSER, 2007, p.43]
Seguindo essa idéia eu acredito sim em uma inovação da arquitetura, uma arquitetura menos objeto, mais informação.
Concordo com você que a capacidade de controlar esse parâmetro mudou com o advento de novas tecnologias. Mas eu acho que isso é conseqüência, não causa. Acho que é conseqüência de uma demanda social. E quero enfatizar a palavra SOCIAL, porque se dependesse só de arquitetos acho que ainda estaríamos na prancheta. Essa evolução tecnológica que assistimos hj na nossa área é fruto de uma produção coletiva em várias outras.
Aplicação no urbanismo significa GIS? Se for isso eu tenho alguns pontos a colocar. De qualquer forma eu acredito que ainda estamos engatinhado nesse assunto, principalmente na nossa capacidade de dividir a prancheta e é nessa mudança de mentalidade que eu acredito em um “parametricismo”. Mas concordo com vc de novo, esse termo tem sido usado de um canto ao outro e muitas vezes de forma bem estranha.

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The Amazon rainforest, especially over the unflooded areas, is a remarkable self-contained system that depends crucially on the integrity of the whole to sustain itself. The soils are among the poorest on the planet — washed out after millennia of heavy rains — yet the vegetation and the unparalleled richness of living organisms would seem to suggest a luxuriance that derives from plenty rather than from deprivation. That paradox is the miracle of the rainforest. In the 1980s, one of the world’s most prestigious experts on Amazonia, Harald Sioli, director of the Max Planck Institute for Limnology in Germany, told us how the entire system serves to retain virtually all the nutrients within the biomass. Leaks of vital nutrients, such as are common in temperate ecosystems would spell disaster. A dense root mat system, combined with fungal mycorrhiza bridges, literally sucks up any decomposing matter from the forest litter.

Above ground, the system of tall trees, with their extraordinary profusion of epiphytes — the ferns, orchids and bromeliads that have attached themselves to the stem and branches of the great trees — take up any nutrients that are flushed down with the heavy rains. Most of the fauna lives in the canopy, and is also perfectly integrated into the nutrient recycling system by providing the sustenance for the lateral extension of the forest. As a result, said Sioli, “the greatest number of plant and animal species we are aware of (estimated at between 1.5 and 2 million species) divides the general nutrient cycle into an immense number of sub-cycles.” [font: Institute of Science in Society]

rainforest

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THE HOUSING SYSTEM :: never before has it been more significant to talk about housing and its relation with the city. The house serves not simply as one of the millions of components of whole urban spaces, but also comprises many other systems, as well as functioning in multifaceted ways as a system itself. In transportation planning, for example, the location and characteristics of residences give information about the origination of peoples’ movement: housing, also in this case, becomes a very important component of the transportation system.

The same can be said for the myriad of systems, both natural and cultural, which housing influences, or is influenced by. My intent, however, is not to discuss how the housing system participates within other subsystems but rather how housing is a system itself, a system that most in-and-of-itself influences and shapes the city.

Numerous cities around the world have experienced the phenomena of rapid and extreme urbanization. For example, in 1914 12% of the population of Brazil lived in cities and went to and increased to more than 80% in less than one century. In order to absorb this drastic population increase in the city - without any public interventions and equal economic distribution - the housing system had to readapt itself, increasing its complexity. Those who arrived with no financial or social support generated new rules to be incorporated into the existing housing system. Brazilian cities now are a consequence of this continuous differentiation.

The informal city is also a materialization of this process. Its unique pattern functions not just as a component system within the larger urban network, but has its own systems an adaptive variation profoundly related with the so-called legal city. In other words, these two patterns, formal and informal, regular and irregular are part of the same unequal urban equation. Thus, whatever exploration of an aspect of this system it needs to be done from its roots, otherwise it will not be incorporated and will be just an isolated intervention.


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Two beautiful powerful women asked myself about “l’urbanistica parametrica”. I would like to tell them that I’m having such a hard time figuring this out still. In order to start some conversation here I selected four old messages I’ve posted in the past couple months, which illustrate where I am right now about this subject. If you have some time to read it please leave me a comment.

Brian’s research project: ”As digital technologies, ubiquitous computing, and pervasive information are redefining our social, political, and economic spaces in an unprecedented way, planning more and more faces the potent forces of the endogenous information age. If planning is to remain engaged with community discourses in communities that are now utterly digital, planning will inevitably come to terms with contemporary digital technologies. The question is how?

Parametrics, alluding to the use of parametric softwares for digital design, is one such technology that is creeping ever closer to the field of urban planning. For the past 15 years, parametric design has evolved as both an avant-garde form generator and construction administration management system in the field of architecture. “Parametricism” has even been hailed as the next dynastic style to follow modernism. Given the substantial influence of modernism on 20th century city planning and urban design, Parametricism, if so heralded, is poised to wholly reshape our concept of urbanism with global effects reaching far beyond the boundaries of modernism. Planning, as the administrative institution of cities, has yet to formalize its relationship with Parametricism, and exactly how it will is of paramount concern. Very soon, the world could see its very first Parametricist city.

But what about planning? Can parametric design be a viable tool in the design of cities and the practice of Urban Planning? Can there be a parametric planning? If so, how?”

:: PART 2/3 ::

Andrew Gillespie from Digital Lifestyles and the Future City, in Designing for a Digital World, ed. Neil Leach.



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Theurban strategy is being divided in four sections:

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[1A] going global :: about the regional role of this area of Amazon in South America

[1B] going local :: about local challenges to catalyze urban transformations

[1C] going green :: rebuilding a connection between natural and urban environment

[1D] seeding :: initiating some transformation

[see more about it]

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[...] A complex parametric architectural approach will naturally also demand a complex design process. Instead of a traditional search for a perfect final shape we are looking for constant adaptations where more actors and parameters can be incorporated. In this case, an isolated design process where a single architect approves a final and fixed design is challenged. This multifaceted architecture will demand not just a combination of different professionals but also sophisticated tools.

This approach can be easily seen in both living and non-living, eco0logical and autopoietic (i.e., natural) systems. Apparent in the ways cells multiply and differentiate themselves, the way a plant grows and adapts itself in different locations, or how systems emerge from smaller component systems in which the whole is greater than the sum of its parts, the same rules/parameters necessitate development if such an architectural process is to be realized. In parametric design every single element of the project is a component as well as the emerging architecture itself.

In this project I am interested in exploring the potentials of a parametric design process through some experimentation and fabrication exercises, which are based on the integration of architectural strategies and computational possibilities that are capable of adapting to inherent parameters, constraints and possibilities of variation. [...] see more